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Fake News: Fact Versus Opinion

How to Identify and Avoid Fake News

Everyone is entitled to his own opinion, but not his own facts

Daniel Patrick Moynihan


We now live in a time where it is hard to tell fact from fiction. Everyone has their own facts. Part of the problem is the blurring of the lines between types of media. The types of media listed below all seem separate, with their own purpose and goals. However, the internet and social media have led to these lines being increasingly blurred. The best way to combat this is to have a strong grasp on each type of media and focus on what their end goal is. What are they hoping to achieve?

This is from the Center For News Literacy

Can Satire Be News?


Satire is a type of Fake News, but people are increasingly watching these types of shows for their news. 


Center For News Literacy 


The good thing about the satire shows listed above is that they are all mostly fact-checked. However, it is always important to remember that these shows put entertainment FIRST. They are not bound to journalistic standards. They don't have to present both sides. They just have to make people laugh. 


 

The Blurring of Fact & Fiction


Even all the way back in 2005, Steven Colbert saw the blurring between fact and fiction. He hilariously came up with the word, "truthiness." 

 


https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/truthiness

Below is the clip from the original airing. This clip, while entertaining, also illustrates how powerful satire can be as a tool. Colbert brings up a serious subject and covers it in a fun, entertaining way.


This famous clip from The Daily Show is another great example of satire. This segment has fun with the now infamous comment from Kellyanne Conway about "Alternative Facts"